Audience: This Notice will be of particular interest to:
- HR Managers who deal with high earners
- Payroll Managers
- Note the contents and apply the new limit
Timing: The change is effective from 6 April 2008
Prior to 6 April 2006, HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC) limited the amount of salary that could be used in calculating the pensionable pay of a civil servant who, on or after 1 June 1989, joined the Civil Service pension arrangements. This limit was referred to as the earnings cap.
Although HMRC will no longer limit the benefits we can pay for the new financial year, the rules of the PCSPS will continue to restrict benefits in this way. We will calculate the cap using the same method as was previously used by HMRC.
Earnings Cap level for 2008-09
6 April 2008 – 5 April 2009 £117,600
Who does the earnings cap apply to?
The earnings cap applies to all civil servants who joined, or returned to, the Civil Service on or after 1 June 1989, except those listed below.
- Members of nuvos (except, in certain circumstances, those who have linked deferred awards from a final salary PCSPS scheme). • Members who joined a By-analogy scheme before June 1989 and who transferred to PCSPS from that scheme without a break in service.
- Members who were staff of NHS Trusts and Health Authorities who joined the Civil Service pension arrangements on transfer to the Department of Health (or its equivalent in Scotland and Wales), and were employed by the NHS before June 1989.
- Members who joined the scheme before June 1989 and went on secondment, or a posting, to an employer and were fully expecting to return to the Civil Service, are not subject to the earning cap provided they return without a break in service.
- Members who joined the scheme before June 1989 and have returned after taking maternity leave or adoption leave providing they rejoined the Civil Service pension arrangements within one month of returning to work.
- Members who joined the scheme before June 1989 and who have returned after taking unpaid leave and have rejoined the Civil Service Pension arrangements within one month of returning to work.
- Members who joined the scheme before June 1989 and have returned after a break in service of one month or less.
- When a member joins the Civil Service Pension arrangements as part of a TUPE transfer you must not apply the cap if they were uncapped immediately before the transfer.
- When a member brings in a transfer value from another pension scheme the service credit they receive may be uncapped. Your APAC can advise whether a particular transfer value is capped and what implications this has for the member.
Employer and Employee contributions
Where a member is subject to the earnings cap their contributions must only be calculated on their salary below the cap. The same applies to employer contributions. You should advise the member that the earnings cap will apply to them. Where a member is subject to the earnings cap you must apply it based on monthly salary if they join a Civil Service pension scheme partway through a year or their salary rises above the cap during a financial year.
The cap applies proportionately when actual part-time pay is used in calculating, for example, death benefit.
For example, a member earns £90,000 for a 3 day week. The full time equivalent salary is £150,000, which is clearly above the cap for full time pay. The cap applies proportionately to the part time pay and so in this case you should treat the member as if the cap were:
£117,600 x 3 ÷ 5 = £70,560
All pay in excess of this level should be disregarded for member contributions and ASLCs.
Flexibilities for topping up the pensions of members that are capped
Section 3.4 of the Employers’ Pension Guide (EPG) gives details of the pension flexibilities that are available to assist with the recruitment and retention of staff who are members of the Civil Service pension arrangements.
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Civil Service Pensions